Bite adjustment (also called occlusal adjustment) is a re-structuring of the chewing surfaces of your teeth to balance your bite with the position of your jaw (known as TMJ). This is done selectively, either using a drill to file down surfaces that are interfering with your bite or employing dental materials such as caps composite resin to augment areas needing support.
If your bite and your jaw joints are not aligned, there can be negative effects. Your teeth can become worn and your TMJ (Temporomandibular Joint) can become painful and in some cases the cartilage inside your TMJ can become torn or dislodged. The extent of these problems can be directly related to severity of the misalignment, but many patients never suffer any ill effects.